Ginter E.K. established an original detection system for patients with hereditary diseases, which allowed to obtain a complex assessment of the load of hereditary diseases in different populations of Russia, its quantitative and qualitative characteristics, as well as to identify the leading factors of population evolution that determine its formation. Ginter E.K. provided guidance on research into population genetics and epidemiology of hereditary diseases in Central Asian Republics and some territories of Russia. Based on the results of these studies, Ginter E.K. developed scientific principles for the arrangement of regional medical and genetic care based on the registers, given the genetic and demographic indicators.
With Ginter E.K. direct participation, they mapped new genes (congenital cataract, palmar plantar hyperkeratosis, hereditary obesity, and family hypotrichosis), studied spectrum of mutations in cystic fibrosis gene specific to Russia, and developed a Protocol of DNA diagnosis of this disease. Ginter E.K. took the lead in a complex of works performed on genetics of frequent chronic diseases: diabetes mellitus (jointly with the Research Centre for Endocrinology), peptic ulcer (jointly with the Research Centre for Gastroenterology), bronchial asthma, etc.; and a genetic and mathematical model was created to assess the population and re-risk of these diseases.
Ginter E.K. is the author and co-author of more than 450 research papers, including monographs, patents, text-books and training manuals.
Ginter E.K. is well known not only as a scientist, but also as an organizer of science. FSBI Research Centre for Medical Genetics headed by him in 2004-2015 has become the leading Russian institution for medical genetics.
Ginter E.K. pays much attention to staff training, gives lectures to students, residents, interns and post-graduate students. Ginter E.K. has trained 13 doctors of sciences and 32 candidates of sciences.